Approximately 1.5 billion pounds of acrylonitrile is manufactured each year in the U.S. by the reaction of propylene with ammonia and oxygen in the presence of a catalyst.
The major use of acrylonitrile is in the production of acrylic fibers are used in the manufacture of apparel, carpeting, blankets, draperies, and upholstery.
Other major uses include the manufacture of acrylonitrile resins used to manufacture a variety of plastic products, nitrile elastomers and latexes, and other chemicals, as well as rubber and the manufacture of carbon fibers used in aircraft and the defense and aerospace industries.
Acrylonitrile is very toxic and considered to be a probable human carcinogen by OSHA. Acute toxicity is similar to that due to cyanide poisoning; inhalation or ingestion can result in collapse and death due to lack of oxygen to tissues and heart failure. Acute exposure has been observed to cause mucous membrane irritation, irritation to the eyes and skin, headaches, dizziness, sneezing, nausea and vomiting, impaired judgment, difficulty breathing, limb weakness, cyanosis, convulsions, and collapse.
IACET Continuing Education Credits
Safety Unlimited, Inc. is authorized by IACET to offer 1 Contact Hour (0.1 CEUs) of Continuing Education (CE) for this program.
Safety Unlimited, Inc. (Provider #5660170-2) is accredited by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET). Safety Unlimited, Inc. complies with the ANSI/IACET Standard, which is recognized internationally as a standard of excellence in instructional practices. As a result of this accreditation, Safety Unlimited, Inc. is accredited to issue the IACET CEU. As an IACET Accredited Provider, Safety Unlimited, Inc. offers CEUs for its programs that qualify under the ANSI/IACET Standard.
About This Course
This fully narrated course is built for success and includes interactions, exercises, and knowledge checks intended to prepare students for the final exam. Students must answer each knowledge check and complete each interaction in order to proceed.
This course has one final exam based upon the material in the 3 course sections.
The exam consists of 10 questions selected at random from a larger pool of questions. A score of 70% or better is required to pass each exam. Students who do not pass the exam the first time may retake it as many times as necessary in order to pass.
The objective of this Acrylonitrile Awareness Online course is to provide a general awareness of the risks and the regulatory requirements for protecting employees who work with or around Acrylonitrile, as required by OSHA.
The course will also introduce students to the Occupational Safety and Health Regulations for Acrylonitrile, Subpart Z, Toxic and Hazardous Substances - 29 CFR 1910.1045.
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Explain what acrylonitrile is;
- Identify where workers may encounter acrylonitrile;
- Describe hazards and health effects of acrylonitrile exposure;
- Demonstrate an understanding of OSHA’s Acrylonitrile Standard;
- Identify and describe OSHA methods of conformance to prevent acrylonitrile exposure; and
- Explain medical surveillance and hazard communication requirements.
The employer must train each employee:
- Exposed to Acrylonitrile above the action level;
- Whose exposures are maintained below the action level by engineering and work practice controls: and
- Who is subject to potential skin or eye contact with liquid Acrylonitrile.
- The employer must institute a training program and ensure employee participation in the program, which must be in accord with the requirements of the Standard.
- Training must be provided at the time of initial assignment or upon institution of the training program, and at least annually thereafter.